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Small kVA 3 Phase Transformers Guide



Acme Buck Boost Transformers

To Order Acme Buck Boost Transformers Call TEMCo.
1-800-613-2290
Or 1-510-490-2187
Link: Acme Buck Boost Transformer

Acme Buck Boost TransformerWhere Are Buck-Boost Transformers Used?

A typical buck-boost application is 120 volts in, 12 volts out for low voltage lighting or control circuitry. In most applications, this low voltage transformer is field connected as an autotransformer. Buck-boost transformers provide tremendous capabilities and flexibility in KVA sizes and input/output voltage combinations. Basically you get 75 different transformers... all in one convenient package. Other buck-boost applications are, where (A) low supply voltage exists because equipment is installed at the end of a bus system; (B) the supply system is operating at or over its design capacity; and (C) where overall consumer demands may be so high the utility cuts back the supply voltage to the consumer causing a “brownout." Why Use Buck-Boost Instead of Another Type Transformer ? Take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of using a buck-boost transformer (autotransformer) compared to a standard isolation transformer of the proper size and voltage combination. As you can see, the advantages are many, the economies
great. Buck- boost transformers are readily available from the stock of your nearest Power Distribution Products Distributor.

ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES
More efficient No circuit isolation
Smaller & lighter Cannot create a
neutral
5-10 times increase
in KVA

Application voltages and
KVA don‘t match
the nameplate
voltages and KVA

 

Versatile, many
applications
Lower cost
Buck-Boost Transformer Selection Chart
120 x 240 Volts Primary–12/24 Volts Secondary
 Single Phase BOOSTING BUCKING
Line Voltage (Available)  96 100 105 109 189 208 218 220 125 132 229 245 250 252
Load Voltage (Output)  115 120 116 120 208 229 240 242 114 120 208 223 227 240
Click part # for info Connection
Diagram
B B A A D D D D A A D D D C
T-1-81047 KVA
Amps
0.24
2.08
0.25
2.08
0.48
4.17
0.50
4.17
0.43
2.08
0.48
2.08
0.50
2.08
0.50
2.08
0.52
4.58
0.55
4.58
0.48
2.29
0.51
2.29
0.52
2.29
1.05
4.38
T-1-81048 KVA
Amps
0.48
4.17
0.50
4.17
0.96
8.33
1.00
8.33
0.87
4.17
0.95
4.17
1.00
4.17
1.01
4.17
1.04
9.17
1.10
9.17
0.95
4.58
1.02
4.58
1.04
4.58
2.10
8.75
T-1-81049 KVA
Amps
0.72
6.25
0.75
6.25
1.44
12.50
1.50
12.50
1.30
6.25
1.43
6.25
1.50
6.25
1.51
6.25
1.56
13.75
1.65
13.75
1.43
6.87
1.53
6.87
1.56
6.87
3.15
13.13
T-1-81050 KVA
Amps
1.20
10.42
1.25
10.42
2.41
20.83
2.50
20.83
2.17
10.42
2.38
10.42
2.50
10.42
2.52
10.42
2.60
22.92
2.75
22.92
2.39
11.46
2.55
11.46
2.60
11.46
5.25
21.88
T-1-81051 KVA
Amps
2.40
20.83
2.50
20.83
4.81
41.67
5.00
41.67
4.33
20.83
4.77
20.83
5.00
20.83
5.04
20.83
5.21
45.83
5.50
45.83
4.77
22.92
5.10
22.92
5.21
22.92
10.50
43.75
T-1-81052 KVA
Amps
3.60
31.25
3.75
31.25
7.22
62.50
7.38
62.50
6.50
31.25
7.15
31.25
7.49
31.25
7.56
31.25
7.81
68.75
8.25
68.75
7.16
34.37
7.66
34.37
7.81
34.37
15.75
65.63
T-1-11683 KVA
Amps
4.80
41.67
5.00
41.67
9.63
83.33
9.99
83.33
8.66
41.67
9.53
41.67
9.99
41.67
10.08
41.67
10.42
91.67
11.00
91.67
9.54
45.83
10.21
45.83
10.42
45.83
21.00
87.50
T-1-11684 KVA
Amps
7.20
62.50
7.50
62.50
14.44
125.00
14.99
125.00
12.99
62.50
14.30
62.50
14.99
62.50
15.13
62.50
15.62
137.50
16.50
137.50
14.31
68.75
15.31
68.75
15.62
68.75
31.50
131.25
T-1-11685 KVA
Amps
9.60
83.33
10.00
83.33
19.25
166.67
19.98
166.67
17.32
83.33
19.07
83.33
19.98
83.33
20.17
83.33
20.83
183.33
22.00
183.33
19.08
91.67
20.42
91.67
20.83
91.67
42.00
175.00
T-1-11686 KVA
Amps
14.40
125.00
15.00
125.00
28.88
250.00
29.98
250.00
25.99
125.00
28.60
125.00
29.98
125.00
30.25
125.00
31.25
275.00
33.00
275.00
28.62
137.50
30.62
137.50
31.25
137.50
63.00
262.50
T-1-11687 KVA
Amps
24.00
208.33
25.00
208.33
48.13
416.67
49.96
416.67
43.31
208.33
47.67
208.33
49.96
208.33
50.42
208.33
52.08
458.33
55.00
458.33
47.71
229.17
51.04
229.17
52.08
229.17
105.00
437.50
Click part # for info Connection
Diagram
B B A A D D D D A A D D D C
  Output for lower voltage can be found by:  Rated Output Voltage
Rated Input Voltage
x  Input Actual Voltage = Output New Voltage.
 
Output KVA available at reduced voltage can be found by:  Actual Input Voltage
Rated Input Voltage
x  Output KVA = New KVA Rating.
 
Buck-Boost Transformer Selection Chart
120 x 240 Volts Primary–12/24 Volts Secondary
 Three Phase BOOSTING BUCKING
Line Voltage (Available)  189Y
109
195Y
113
200Y
115
208Y
120
416Y
240
416Y
240
189 208 220 218 229 250 255 264
Load Voltage (Output)  208Y
120
234Y
135
240Y
139
229Y
132
458Y
264
437Y
252
208 229 242 208 208 227 232 240
Click part # for info Connection
Diagram
F E E F J K G G G H G G G G
T-1-81047 KVA
Amps
1.50
4.17
0.84
2.08
0.87
2.08
1.65
4.17
1.65
2.08
3.15
4.17
0.75
2.08
0.83
2.08
0.87
2.08
1.57
4.38
0.83
2.29
0.90
2.29
0.92
2.29
0.95
2.29
T-1-81048 KVA
Amps
3.00
8.33
1.69
4.17
1.73
4.17
3.30
8.33
3.30
4.17
6.30
8.33
1.50
4.17
1.65
4.17
1.75
4.17
3.15
8.75
1.65
4.58
1.80
4.58
1.84
4.58
1.91
4.58
T-1-81049 KVA
Amps
4.50
12.50
2.53
6.25
2.60
6.25
4.95
12.50
4.95
6.25
9.46
12.50
2.25
6.25
2.48
6.25
2.62
6.25
4.72
13.13
2.48
6.87
2.71
6.87
2.76
6.88
2.86
6.88
T-1-81050 KVA
Amps
7.50
20.83
4.22
10.42
4.33
1.42
8.26
20.83
8.26
10.42
15.76
10.42
3.75
10.42
4.13
10.42
4.37
10.42
7.87
21.88
4.13
11.46
4.51
11.46
4.60
11.46
4.76
11.46
T-1-81051 KVA
Amps
15.00
41.67
8.44
20.83
8.66
20.83
16.51
41.67
16.51
20.83
31.52
241.67
7.50
20.83
8.26
20.83
8.73
20.83
15.73
43.75
8.26
22.92
9.02
22.92
9.20
22.92
9.53
22.92
T-1-81052 KVA
Amps
22.51
62.50
12.67
31.25
12.99
31.25
24.77
62.50
24.77
31.25
47.28
62.50
11.25
31.25
12.38
31.25
13.10
31.25
23.60
65.63
12.39
34.37
13.53
34.37
13.80
34.37
14.29
34.38
T-1-11683 KVA
Amps
30.01
83.33
16.89
41.67
17.32
41.67
33.02
83.33
33.02
41.67
63.05
83.33
15.00
41.67
16.51
41.67
17.46
41.67
31.47
87.50
16.53
45.83
18.04
45.83
18.40
45.83
19.05
45.83
T-1-11684 KVA
Amps
45.01
125.00
25.33
62.50
25.98
62.50
49.54
125.00
49.54
62.50
94.57
125.00
22.51
62.50
24.77
62.50
26.20
62.50
47.20
131.25
24.79
68.75
27.06
68.75
27.60
68.75
28.58
68.75
T-1-11685 KVA
Amps
60.02
166.67
33.77
83.33
34.64
83.33
66.05
166.67
66.05
83.33
126.09
166.67
30.01
83.33
33.02
83.33
34.93
83.33
62.93
175.00
33.05
91.67
36.08
91.67
36.81
91.67
38.11
91.67
T-1-11686 KVA
Amps
90.02
250.00
50.66
125.00
51.96
125.00
99.07
250.00
99.07
125.00
189.14
250.00
45.01
125.00
49.54
125.00
52.39
125.00
94.40
262.50
49.58
137.50
54.13
137.50
55.21
137.50
57.16
137.50
T-1-11687 KVA
Amps
150.04
416.67
84.44
208.33
86.60
208.33
165.12
416.67
165.12
208.33
315.23
416.67
75.02
208.33
82.56
208.33
87.32
208.33
157.33
437.50
82.63
229.17
90.21
229.17
92.02
229.17
95.26
229.17
No. of Transformers 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Catalog Number Connection
Diagram
F E E F J K G G G H G G G G
  Output for lower voltage can be found by:  Rated Output Voltage
Rated Input Voltage
x  Input Actual Voltage = Output New Voltage.
 
Output KVA available at reduced voltage can be found by:  Actual Input Voltage
Rated Input Voltage
x  Output KVA = New KVA Rating.
 
Buck-Boost Transformer Selection Chart
120 x 240 Volts Primary–16/32 Volts Secondary
 Single Phase BOOSTING BUCKING
Line Voltage (Available)  95 100 105 208 215 215 220 225 135 240 240 245 250 255
Load Voltage (Output)  120 113 119 236 244 229 235 240 120 212 225 230 234 239
Click part # for info Connection
Diagram
B A A D D C C C A D C C C C
T-1-81054 KVA
Amps
0.19
1.56
0.35
3.13
0.37
3.13
0.37
1.56
0.38
1.56
0.72
3.12
0.73
3.13
0.75
3.12
0.42
3.54
0.38
1.77
0.75
3.33
0.77
3.33
0.78
3.33
0.80
3.33
T-1-81055 KVA
Amps
0.38
3.13
0.71
6.25
0.74
6.25
0.74
3.13
0.76
3.13
1.43
6.25
1.47
6.25
1.50
6.25
0.84
7.08
0.75
3.54
1.50
6.67
1.53
6.67
1.56
6.67
1.59
6.67
T-1-81056 KVA
Amps
0.56
4.69
1.06
9.38
1.12
9.38
1.11
4.69
1.14
4.69
2.15
9.37
2.20
9.37
2.25
9.37
1.27
10.63
1.13
5.31
2.25
10.00
2.30
10.00
2.34
10.00
2.39
10.00
T-1-81057 KVA
Amps
0.94
7.81
1.77
15.63
1.86
15.63
1.84
7.81
1.90
7.81
3.58
15.62
3.67
15.62
3.75
15.62
2.11
17.71
1.88
8.85
3.75
16.67
3.83
16.67
3.91
16.67
3.98
16.67
T-1-81058 KVA
Amps
1.88
15.63
3.54
31.25
3.72
31.25
3.68
15.63
3.81
15.63
7.17
31.25
7.33
31.25
7.50
31.25
4.22
35.42
3.75
17.71
7.50
33.33
7.66
33.33
7.81
33.33
7.97
33.33
T-1-81059 KVA
Amps
2.82
23.44
5.31
46.88
5.58
46.88
5.53
23.44
5.71
23.44
10.75
46.87
11.00
46.87
11.25
46.87
6.33
53.13
5.63
26.56
11.25
50.00
11.48
50.00
11.72
50.00
11.95
50.00
T-1-13073 KVA
Amps
3.76
31.25
7.08
62.50
7.44
62.50
7.37
31.25
7.61
31.25
14.33
62.50
14.67
62.50
15.00
62.50
8.44
70.83
7.50
35.42
15.00
66.67
15.31
66.67
15.62
66.67
15.94
66.67
T-1-13074 KVA
Amps
5.64
46.88
10.63
93.75
11.16
93.75
11.05
46.88
11.42
46.88
21.50
93.75
22.00
93.75
22.50
93.75
12.66
106.25
11.25
53.13
22.50
100.00
22.97
100.00
23.44
100.00
23.91
100.00
T-1-13075 KVA
Amps
7.52
62.50
14.71
125.00
14.88
125.00
14.73
62.50
15.23
62.50
28.67
125.00
29.33
125.00
30.00
125.00
16.88
141.67
15.00
70.83
30.00
133.33
30.62
133.33
31.25
133.33
31.87
133.33
T-1-13076 KVA
Amps
11.28
93.75
21.25
187.50
22.31
187.50
22.10
93.75
22.84
93.75
43.00
187.50
44.00
187.50
45.00
187.50
25.31
212.50
22.50
106.25
45.00
200.00
45.94
200.00
46.87
200.00
47.81
200.00
T-1-13077 KVA
Amps
18.80
156.25
35.42
312.50
37.19
312.50
36.83
156.25
38.07
156.25
71.67
312.50
73.33
312.50
75.00
312.50
42.19
354.17
37.50
177.08
75.00
333.33
76.56
333.33
78.12
333.33
79.69
333.33
Catalog Number Connection
Diagram
B A A D D C C C A D C C C C
  Output for lower voltage can be found by:  Rated Output Voltage
Rated Input Voltage
x  Input Actual Voltage = Output New Voltage.
 
Output KVA available at reduced voltage can be found by:  Actual Input Voltage
Rated Input Voltage
x  Output KVA = New KVA Rating.
 
Buck-Boost Transformer Selection Chart
120 x 240 Volts Primary–16/32 Volts Secondary
 Three Phase BOOSTING BUCKING
Line Voltage (Available)  183Y
106
208Y
120
195 208 225 240 245 250 256 265 272
Load Voltage (Available)  208Y
120
236Y
136
208 236 240 208 230 234 240 234 240
Click part # for info Connection
Diagram
F F H G H L H H H G G
T-1-81054 KVA
Amps
1.12
3.13
1.28
3.13
1.13
3.12
0.64
1.56
1.30
3.12
0.56
1.56
1.33
3.33
1.35
3.33
1.39
3.33
0.72
1.77
0.74
1.77
T-1-81055 KVA
Amps
2.25
6.25
2.55
6.25
2.25
6.25
1.28
3.13
2.60
6.25
1.13
3.13
2.65
6.67
2.71
6.67
2.77
6.67
1.43
3.54
1.47
3.54
T-1-81056 KVA
Amps
3.37
9.38
3.83
9.38
3.38
9.37
1.91
4.69
3.90
9.37
1.69
4.69
3.98
10.00
4.06
10.00
4.16
10.00
2.15
5.31
2.21
5.31
T-1-81057 KVA
Amps
5.61
15.63
6.38
15.62
5.63
15.62
3.19
7.81
6.50
15.62
2.81
7.81
6.63
16.67
6.77
16.67
6.93
16.67
3.59
8.85
3.68
8.85
T-1-81058 KVA
Amps
11.23
31.25
12.76
31.25
11.26
31.25
6.38
15.63
12.99
31.25
5.63
15.63
13.26
33.33
13.53
33.33
13.86
33.33
7.17
17.71
7.36
17.71
T-1-81059 KVA
Amps
16.84
46.88
19.14
46.88
16.89
46.87
9.58
23.44
19.49
46.87
8.44
23.44
19.89
50.00
20.30
50.00
20.78
50.00
10.76
26.56
11.04
26.56
T-1-13073 KVA
Amps
22.45
62.50
25.52
62.50
22.52
62.50
12.76
31.25
25.98
62.50
11.26
31.25
26.52
66.67
27.06
66.67
27.71
66.67
14.34
35.42
14.72
35.42
T-1-13074 KVA
Amps
33.68
93.75
38.28
93.75
33.77
93.75
19.14
46.88
38.97
93.75
16.89
46.88
39.78
100.00
40.59
100.00
41.57
100.00
21.52
53.13
22.08
53.13
T-1-13075 KVA
Amps
44.90
125.00
51.04
125.00
45.03
125.00
25.52
62.50
51.96
125.00
22.52
62.50
53.04
133.33
54.13
133.33
55.43
133.33
28.69
70.83
29.44
70.83
T-1-13076 KVA
Amps
67.36
187.50
76.56
187.50
67.55
187.50
38.28
93.75
77.94
187.50
33.77
93.75
79.57
200.00
81.19
200.00
83.14
200.00
43.03
106.25
44.17
106.25
T-1-13077 KVA
Amps
112.26
312.50
127.59
312.50
112.58
312.50
63.80
156.25
129.90
312.50
56.29
156.25
132.61
333.33
135.32
333.33
138.56
333.33
71.72
177.08
73.61
177.08
No. of Transformers 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Catalog Number Connection
Diagram
F F H G H L H H H G G
  Output for lower voltage can be found by:  Rated Output Voltage
Rated Input Voltage
x  Input Actual Voltage = Output New Voltage.
 
Output KVA available at reduced voltage can be found by:  Actual Input Voltage
Rated Input Voltage
x  Output KVA = New KVA Rating.
 
Buck-Boost Transformer Selection Chart
240 x 480 Volts Primary–24/48 Volts Secondary
 Single Phase BOOSTING BUCKING
Line Voltage (Available)  230 380 416 425 430 435 440 450 465 132 277 480 480 504
Load Voltage (Output)  276 418 458 468 473 457 462 495 483 126 231 436 457 480
Click part # for info Connection
Diagram
B D D D D C C D C C B D C C
T-1-81061 KVA
Amps
0.29
1.04
0.44
1.04
0.48
1.04
0.49
1.04
0.49
1.04
0.95
2.08
0.96
2.08
0.52
1.04
1.01
2.08
0.28
2.19
0.29
1.25
0.50
1.15
1.02
2.19
1.05
2.19
T-1-81062 KVA
Amps
0.58
2.08
0.87
2.08
0.95
2.08
0.97
2.08
0.99
2.08
1.90
4.17
1.93
4.17
1.03
2.08
2.01
4.17
0.55
4.38
0.58
2.50
1.00
2.29
2.00
4.38
2.10
4.38
T-1-81063 KVA
Amps
0.86
3.13
1.31
3.13
1.43
3.13
1.46
3.13
1.48
3.13
2.85
6.25
2.89
6.25
1.55
3.13
3.02
6.25
0.83
6.56
0.87
3.75
1.50
3.44
3.00
6.56
3.15
6.56
T-1-81064 KVA
Amps
1.44
5.21
2.18
5.21
2.38
5.21
2.43
5.21
2.46
5.21
4.76
10.42
4.81
10.42
2.58
5.21
5.03
10.42
1.38
10.94
1.44
6.25
2.50
5.73
5.00
10.94
5.25
10.94
T-1-81065 KVA
Amps
2.88
10.42
4.35
10.42
4.77
10.42
4.87
10.42
4.93
10.42
9.52
20.83
9.63
20.83
5.16
10.42
10.06
20.83
2.75
21.88
2.89
12.50
5.00
11.46
10.00
21.88
10.50
21.88
T-1-81066 KVA
Amps
4.31
15.63
6.53
15.63
7.15
15.62
7.30
15.63
7.39
15.63
14.27
31.25
14.44
31.25
7.73
15.63
15.09
31.25
4.13
32.81
4.33
18.75
7.50
17.91
15.00
32.81
15.75
17.19
T-1-37920 KVA
Amps
5.75
20.83
8.71
20.83
9.53
20.83
9.74
20.83
9.85
20.83
19.03
41.67
19.25
41.67
10.31
20.83
20.13
41.67
5.50
43.75
5.77
25.00
10.00
22.92
20.00
43.75
21.00
43.75
T-1-37921 KVA
Amps
8.63
31.25
13.06
31.25
14.30
31.25
14.61
31.25
14.78
31.25
28.55
62.50
28.88
62.50
15.47
31.25
30.19
62.50
8.25
65.63
8.66
37.50
15.00
34.37
30.00
65.63
31.50
65.63
T-1-37922 KVA
Amps
11.50
41.67
17.42
41.67
19.07
41.67
19.48
41.67
19.71
41.67
38.06
83.33
38.50
83.33
20.63
41.67
40.25
83.33
11.00
87.50
11.54
50.00
20.00
45.83
40.00
87.50
42.00
87.50
T-1-37923 KVA
Amps
17.25
62.50
26.13
62.50
28.60
62.50
29.22
62.50
29.56
62.50
57.09
125.00
57.75
125.00
30.94
62.50
60.38
125.00
16.50
131.25
17.31
75.00
30.00
68.75
60.00
131.25
63.00
131.25
T-1-37924 KVA
Amps
28.75
104.17
43.54
104.17
47.67
104.17
48.70
104.17
49.27
104.17
95.16
208.33
96.25
208.33
51.56
104.17
100.63
208.33
27.50
218.75
28.85
125.00
50.00
114.58
100.00
218.75
105.00
218.75
Catalog Number Connection
Diagram
B D D D D C C D C C B D C C
  Output for lower voltage can be found by:  Rated Output Voltage
Rated Input Voltage
x  Input Actual Voltage = Output New Voltage.
 
Output KVA available at reduced voltage can be found by:  Actual Input Voltage
Rated Input Voltage
x  Output KVA = New KVA Rating.
 
Buck-Boost Transformer Selection Chart
240 x 480 Volts Primary–24/48 Volts Secondary
 Three Phase BOOSTING BUCKING
Line Voltage (Available)  399Y
230
380 430 440 460 460 480 480 440 440 460 460 460 480 500 500
Load Voltage (Available)  480Y
277
418 473 462 506 483 528 504 400 419 438 418 457 436 455 476
Click part # for info Connection
Diagram
E G G H G H G H G H H G H G G H
T-1-81061 KVA
Amps
0.86
1.04
0.75
1.04
0.85
1.04
1.67
2.08
0.91
1.04
1.74
2.08
0.95
1.04
1.82
2.08
0.79
1.15
1.59
2.19
1.66
2.19
0.83
1.15
1.73
2.19
0.87
1.15
0.90
1.15
1.80
2.19
T-1-81062 KVA
Amps
1.73
2.08
1.51
2.08
1.71
2.08
3.33
4.17
1.83
2.08
3.49
4.17
1.91
2.08
3.64
4.17
1.59
2.29
3.18
4.38
3.32
4.38
1.66
2.29
3.46
4.38
1.73
2.29
1.80
2.29
3.61
4.38
T-1-81063 KVA
Amps
2.59
3.13
2.26
3.13
2.56
3.13
5.00
6.25
2.74
3.13
5.23
6.25
2.86
3.13
5.46
6.25
2.38
3.44
4.76
6.56
4.98
6.56
2.49
3.44
5.20
6.56
2.60
3.44
2.71
3.44
5.41
6.56
T-1-81064 KVA
Amps
4.32
5.21
3.77
5.21
4.27
5.21
8.34
10.42
4.56
5.21
8.71
10.42
4.76
5.21
9.09
10.42
3.97
5.73
7.94
10.94
8.30
10.94
4.15
5.73
8.66
10.94
4.33
5.73
4.51
5.73
9.02
10.94
T-1-81065 KVA
Amps
8.64
10.42
7.54
10.42
8.53
10.42
16.67
20.83
9.13
10.42
17.43
20.83
9.53
10.42
18.19
20.83
7.94
11.46
15.88
21.88
16.60
21.88
8.30
11.46
17.32
21.88
8.66
11.46
9.02
11.46
18.04
21.88
T-1-81066 KVA
Amps
12.96
15.62
11.31
15.63
12.80
15.63
25.01
31.25
13.69
15.63
26.14
31.25
14.29
15.63
27.28
31.25
11.91
17.19
23.82
32.81
24.90
32.81
12.45
17.19
25.98
32.81
12.99
17.19
13.53
17.19
27.06
32.81
T-1-37920 KVA
Amps
17.28
20.83
15.08
20.83
17.07
20.83
33.34
41.67
18.26
20.83
34.86
41.67
19.05
20.83
36.37
41.67
15.88
22.92
31.75
43.75
33.20
43.75
16.60
22.92
34.64
43.75
17.32
22.92
18.04
22.92
36.08
43.75
T-1-37921 KVA
Amps
25.92
31.25
22.62
31.25
25.60
31.25
50.01
62.50
27.39
31.25
52.29
62.50
28.58
31.25
54.66
62.50
23.82
34.38
47.63
65.63
49.80
65.63
24.90
34.38
51.96
65.63
25.98
34.37
27.06
34.37
54.13
65.63
T-1-37922 KVA
Amps
34.55
41.67
30.17
41.67
34.14
41.67
66.68
83.33
36.52
41.67
69.72
83.33
38.11
41.67
72.75
83.33
31.75
45.83
63.51
87.50
66.40
87.50
33.20
45.83
69.28
87.50
34.64
45.83
36.08
45.83
72.17
87.50
T-1-37923 KVA
Amps
51.83
62.50
45.25
62.50
51.20
62.50
100.03
125.00
54.78
62.50
104.57
125.00
57.16
62.50
109.12
125.00
47.63
68.75
95.26
131.25
99.59
131.25
49.80
68.75
103.92
131.25
51.96
68.75
54.13
68.75
108.25
131.25
T-1-37924 KVA
Amps
86.39
104.17
75.42
104.17
85.34
104.17
166.71
208.33
91.29
104.17
174.29
208.33
95.26
104.17
181.87
208.33
79.39
114.58
158.77
218.75
165.99
218.75
82.99
114.58
173.21
218.75
86.60
114.58
90.21
114.58
180.42
218.75
No. of Transformers 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Catalog Number Connection
Diagram
E G G H G H G H G H H G H G G H
  Output for lower voltage can be found by:  Rated Output Voltage
Rated Input Voltage
x  Input Actual Voltage = Output New Voltage.
 
Output KVA available at reduced voltage can be found by:  Actual Input Voltage
Rated Input Voltage
x  Output KVA = New KVA Rating.
 


Proper Voltage Is Critical
With nearly two-thirds of all electrical loads being A.C. motor loads, maintenance of the proper voltage to that motor is very important. If the supply line voltage is not maintained, motor winding current is increased causing reduced motor torque and escalating motor temperature, all of which results in the rapid loss of insulation life expectancy. In addition to motor loads, the detrimental effects of low voltage on both resistive heating loads and incandescent lighting output is illustrated in the chart. Anytime you have a lower than standard voltage, equipment
damage and failure can result. Buck-boost transformers are an economical way to correct this potentially very serious problem. Anytime a line voltage change in the 5-20% range is required, a buck-boost transformer should be considered as your first line of defense.

Questions & Answers About Buck-Boost Transformers

1.What is a buck-boost transformer?
Buck-boost transformers are small single phase transformers designed to reduce (buck) or raise (boost) line voltage from 5 -20%. The most common example is boosting 208 volts to 230 volts, usually to operate a 230 volt motor such as an air conditioner compressor, from a 208 volt supply line. Buck-boosts are a standard type of single phase distribution transformers, with primary voltages of 120, 240 or 480 volts and secondary typically of 12, 16, 24, 32 or 48 volts. They are available in sizes ranging from 50 volt amperes to 10 kilo-volt amperes.
Buck-boost transformers are shipped ready to be connected for a number of possible voltage combinations.

2. How does a buck-boost transformer differ from an insulating transformer?
A buck-boost transformer IS an insulating type transformer when it is shipped from the factory. When it is connected at the job site, a lead wire on the primary is connected to a lead wire on the secondary – thereby changing the transformer’s electrical characteristics to those of an autotransformer. The primary and secondary windings are no longer “insulated” and secondary windings are no longer “insulated” and its KVA capacity is
greatly increased.

3. What is the difference between a buck-boost transformer and an autotransformer?
When a primary lead wire and secondary lead wire of a buck-boost transformer are connected together electrically, in a recommended voltage bucking or boosting connection, the transformer is in all respects, an autotransformer. However, if the interconnection between the primary and secondary winding is not made, then the unit is an insulating type transformer.


Buck Boost Transformer Applications

 4. Why are buck boost transformers used?
Electrical and electronic equipment is designed to operate on standard supply voltage. When the supply voltage is constantly too high or too low, (usually more than 55%), the equipment fails to operate at maximum efficiency. A buck and boost transformer is a simple and ECONOMICAL means of correcting this off-standard voltage.
5. What are the most common applications for buck-boost transformers?
Boosting 208V to 230V or 240V and vice versa for commercial and industrial air conditioning systems; boosting 110V to 120V and 240V to 277V for lighting systems; voltage correction for heating systems and induction motors of all types. Many applications exist where supply voltages are constantly above or below normal.
6. Can buck-boost transformers be used to power low voltage circuits?
Yes, low voltage control, lighting circuits, or other low voltage applications requiring either 12V, 16V, 24V, 32V or 48V. The unit is connected as an insulating transformer and the nameplate KVA rating is the transformer’s capacity.

Buck Boost Transformer Operation and Construction


7. Why do buck-boost transformers have 4 windings?
To make them versatile! A four winding buck-boost transformer (2 primary and 2 secondary windings) can be connected eight different ways to provide a multitude of voltage and KVA outputs. A two winding (1 primary & 1 secondary) buck-boost transformer can be connected only one way.
8. Will a buck-boost transformer stabilize voltage?
No. The output voltage is a function of the input voltage. If the input voltage varies, then the output voltage will also vary by the same percentage.


Buck Boost Transformer Load Data


9. Are there any restrictions on the type of load that can be operated from a buck-boost transformer?

No, there are no restrictions.
10. Why can a buck-boost transformer operate a KVA load many times larger than the KVA rating on its nameplate?
Since the transformer has been auto-connected in such a fashion that the 22V secondary voltage is added to the 208V primary voltage, it produces 230V output. The autotransformer KVA is calculated:


KVA = Output Volts x Secondary Amps
                      1000


KVA = 230 V x 41.67 Amps = 9.58 KVA
                    1000

 

Acme Buck Boost TransformerThe picture to the left illustrates the difference in physical size between
the autotransformer of 1 KVA, capable of handling a 9.58 KVA load, and an isolation transformer capable of handling a 7.5 KVA load. To cite an example . . . a model T-1-11683 buck-boost transformer has a nameplate KVA rating of 1 KVA, but when it’s connected as an autotransformer boosting 208V to 230V, its KVA capacity increases to 9.58 KVA. The key to understanding the operation of buck-boost transformers lies in the fact that the secondary windings are the only parts of the transformer
that do the work of transforming voltage and current. In the example above, only 22 volts are being transformed (boosted) — i.e. 208V + 22V = 230V. This 22V transformation is carried out by the secondary windings which are designed to operate at a maximum current of 41.67 amps (determined by wire size of windings).

Maximum Secondary Amps =
nameplate KVA x 1000
secondary volts
Maximum Secondary Amps =
1.0 KVA x 1000
       24 V
1000 VA = 41.67 amps
   24
 

11. Can buck-boost transformers be used on motor loads?
Yes, either single or three phase.
12. How are single phase and three phase load Amps and load KVA calculated?
Single phase Amps = KVA x 1000
                                     Volts
Three phase Amps = KVA x 1000
                               Volts x 1.73
Single phase KVA = Volts x Amps
                                  1000
Three phase KVA = Volts x Amps x 1.73
                                  1000

                                
Three-Phase


13. Can buck-boost transformers be used on three-phase systems as well as single phase systems?
Yes. A single unit is used to buck or boost single phase voltage — two or three units are used to buck or boost three phase voltage. The number of units to be used in a three -phase installation depends on the number of wires in the supply line. If the three-phase supply is 4 wire Y, use three buck-boost transformers. If the 3 - phase supply is 3 wire Y (neutral not available), use two buck-boost transformers.

14. Should buck-boost transformers be used to develop a three-phase 4 wire Y circuit from a three-phase 3 wire delta circuit?
No. A three phase “wye” buck-boost transformer connection should be used only on a 4 wire source of supply. A delta to wye connection does not provide adequate current capacity to accommodate unbalanced currents flowing in the neutral wire of the 4 wire circuit.

15. Why isn’t a closed delta buck-boost connection recommended?
A closed delta buck-boost auto transformer connection requires more transformer KVA than a “wye” or open delta connection and phase shifting occurs on the output. Consequently the closed delta connection is more expensive and electrically inferior to other three-phase connections.

Buck Boost Transformer Connection and Frequency


16. How does the installer or user know how to connect a buck-boost transformer?
The connection chart packed with each unit shows how to make the appropriate connections.
17. Can 60 Hertz buck-boost transformers be used on a 50 Hertz service?
No. Acme buck-boost transformers should be operated only at the frequencies recommended. However, units recommended for 50 cycle operation are suitable for 60 cycle operation but not vice versa.

Buck Boost Transformer Nameplate Data

19. Why are buck-boost transformers shipped from the factory as insulating transformers and not pre-connected at the factory as autotransformers?
A four winding buck-boost transformer can be auto connected eight different ways to provide a multitude of voltage and KVA output combinations. The proper transformer connection depends on the user’s supply voltage, load voltage and load KVA. Consequently, it is more feasible for the manufacturer to ship the unit as an insulating transformer and allow the user to connect it on the job site in accordance with the available supply voltage and requirements of his load.
20. Why is the isolation transformer KVA rating shown on the nameplate instead of the autotransformer KVA rating?
The KVA rating of a buck-boost transformer when auto connected depends on the amount of voltage buck or boost. Since the amount of voltage buck or boost is different for each connection, it is physically impossible to show all of the various voltage combinations and attainable KVA ratings on the nameplate. A connection chart showing the various attainable single phase and three-phase connections is packed with each unit.

Buck Boost Transformer Safety

21. Do buck-boost transformers present a safety hazard usually associated with autotransformers?
No. Most autotransformers, if they are not of the buck-boost variety, change voltage from one voltage class to another. (Example 480V to 240V) In a system where one line is grounded, the user thinks he has 240V; yet due to the primary and secondary being tied together, it is possible to have 480V to ground from the 240V output. A buck-boost transformer only changes the voltage a small amount, such as 208V to 240V. This small increase does not represent a safety hazard, as compared to a buck of 480V to 240V.
 

Buck Boost Transformer Sound Levels

22. Are buck-boost transformers as quiet as standard isolation transformers?
Yes. However, an auto-connected buck-boost transformer will be quieter than an isolation transformer capable of handling the same load. The isolation transformer would have to be physically larger than the buck-boost transformer, and small transformers are quieter than larger ones. (Example) 1 KVA — 40 db; 75 KVA — 50 db. (db is a unit of sound measure).

Buck Boost Transformer Cost and Life Expectancy

23. How does the cost of a buck-boost transformer compare to that of an insulating transformer — both capable of handling the same load?
For the most common buck-boost applications, the dollar savings are generally greater than 75% compared to the
use of an insulating type distribution transformer for the same application.
24. What is the life expectancy of a buck boost transformer?
The life expectancy of a buck-boost transformer is the same as the life expectancy of other dry type transformers.

25 What is the definition of an autotransformer and how does it differ from an isolation transformer?
An autotransformer is a transformer in which the primary (input) and the secondary (output) are electrically connected to each other. An isolation transformer, also known as an insulating transformer, has complete electrical separation between the primary (input) and the secondary (output).  An autotransformer changes or transforms only a portion of the electrical energy it transmits. The rest of the electrical energy flows directly through the electrical connections between the  primary and secondary. An isolation transformer (insulating transformer) changes or transforms all of the electrical energy it transmits. Consequently, an autotransformer is smaller, lighter in weight, and less costly than a comparable KVA size insulating transformer. Buck-boost transformers are frequently field-connected as autotransformers.
26. Buck-boost transformers are almost always installed as auto-transformers. Does the N.E.C. (National Electrical Code) permit the use of autotransformers?
Yes. Please refer to N.E.C. Article 450-4, “Autotransformers 600 Volts, Nominal, or Less.” Item (a) explains how to over current protect an autotransformer; item (b) explains that an insulating transformer such as a buck-boost transformer may be field connected as an autotransformer.
27. When a buck-boost transformer is connected as an autotransformer such as boosting 208V to 230V, the KVA is greatly increased. What is the procedure for determining the size (ampere rating) of the overcurrent protective device such as a fuse or circuit breaker?
The National Electrical Code Article 450-4 addresses over current protection of autotransformers. A copy is reproduced below for easy reference.
450-4. Autotransformers 600 Volts, Nominal, or Less. (a) Overcurrent Protection. Each autotransformer 600 volts,
nominal, or less shall be protected by an individual overcurrent device installed in series with each ungrounded input conductor. Such overcurrent device shall be rated or set at not more than 125 percent of the rated full-load input current of the autotransformer. An overcurrent device shall not be installed in series with the shunt winding (the winding common to both the input and the output circuits) of the autotransformer between Points A and B as shown in Diagram 450-4.

Exception: Where the rated input current of an autotransformer is 9 amperes or more and 125 percent of this current does not correspond to a standard rating of a fuse or non-adjustable circuit breaker, the next higher standard rating described in Section 240-6 shall be permitted. When the rated input current is less than 9 amperes, an overcurrent device rated or set at not more than 167 percent of the input current shall be permitted.
(b) Transformer Field-Connected as an Autotransformer. A transformer field-connected as an autotransformer shall be identified for use at elevated voltage.

 28. I have noted the reprint of the N.E.C. (National Electrical Code), Article 450-4 shown in the previous question covering autotransformer overcurrent protection. Could you explain this article in detail by citing an example?
An example of an everyday application is always a good way to explain the intent of the “Code.” Example: A 1 KVA transformer Catalog No. T-1-11683 has a primary of 120 x 240V and a secondary of12 x24V. It is to be connected as an autotransformer at the time of installation to raise 208V to 230V single phase. When this 1 KVA unit is connected as an autotransformer for this voltage combination, its KVA rating is increased to 9.58 KVA
(may also be expressed as 9,580 VA). This is the rating to be used for determining the full load input amps and the sizing of the overcurrent protect device (fuse or breaker) on the input.
Full Load Input Amps =
9,580 Volt Amps = 46 Amps
208 Volts
When the full load current is greater than 9 amps, the overcurrent protective device (usually a fuse or non-adjustable breaker) amp rating can be up to 125 percent of the full load rating of the autotransformer input amps.
Max. amp rating of the overcurrent device
= 46 amps x 125% = 57.5 amps
The National Electrical Code, Article 450-4 (a) Exception, permits the use of the next higher standard ampere rating of the overcurrent device. This is shown in Article 240-6 of the N.E.C. Max. size of the fuse or circuit breaker
= 60 amps

Steps for Selecting the Proper Buck-Boost Transformer

You should have the following information before selecting a buck-boost transformer.
Line Voltage — The voltage that you want to buck (decrease) or boost (increase). This can be found by measuring the supply line voltage with a voltmeter.
Load Voltage — The voltage at which your equipment is designed to operate. This is listed on the nameplate of the load equipment.
Load KVA or Load Amps — You do not need to know both —one or the other is sufficient for selection purposes. This information usually can be found on the nameplate of the equipment that you want to operate.
Frequency — The supply line frequency must be the same as the frequency of the equipment to be operated — either 50 or 60 cycles.
Phase — The supply line should be the same as the equipment to be operated — either single or three phase.

SELECTION CHART

GROUP I
120 X 240 PRIMARY VOLTS-12/24 SECONDARY VOLTS-60Hz

INSULATING
TRANSFORMER
RATING (KVA)
CATALOG NO.
0.05 T-1-81047
0.10 T-1-81048
0.15 T-1-81049
0.25 T-1-81050
0.50 T-1-81051
0.75 T-1-81052
1.00 T-1-11683
1.50 T-1-11684
2.00 T-1-11685
3.00 T-1-11686
5.00 T-1-11687
7.50 T-1-11688
10.00 T-1-11689

GROUP II
120 X 240 PRIMARY VOLTS-16/32 SECONDARY VOLTS-60Hz

INSULATING
TRANSFORMER
RATING (KVA)
CATALOG NO.
0.05 T-1-81054
0.10 T-1-81055
0.15 T-1-81056
0.25 T-1-81057
0.50 T-1-81058
0.75 T-1-81059
1.00 T-1-13073
1.50 T-1-13074
2.00 T-1-13075
3.00 T-1-13076
5.00 T-1-13077
7.50 T-1-13078
10.00 T-1-13079

GROUP II
240 X 480 PRIMARY VOLTS-24/48 SECONDARY VOLTS-60Hz

INSULATING
TRANSFORMER
RATING (KVA)
CATALOG NO.
0.05 T-1-81061
0.10 T-1-81062
0.15 T-1-81063
0.25 T-1-81064
0.50 T-1-81065
0.75 T-1-81066
1.00 T-1-37920
1.50 T-1-37921
2.00 T-1-37922
3.00 T-1-37923
5.00 T-1-37924
7.50 T-1-43570
10.00 T-1-43571

 

 


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Power Transformer Types

Step Up and Step Down Transformers Step Up and Step Down Transformers to Power transformers to step-up ( raise) or step-down (lower) the electrical voltage.
 
Isolation Transformers Isolation Transformers allows signal or power to be taken from one device and fed into another without electrically connecting the two.
 
Toroidal Transformers Toroidal Transformers are devices that transfer electrical energy from one electric circuit to another, without changing the frequency, by electromagnetic induction.
 
Custom Transformers
 
Custom Transformers are designed to meet certain performance specifications and size requirement that you require. There is a wide range of custom transformer types.
 
Buck Boost Transformers
 
Buck Boost Transformers is a ideal solution for changing line voltage by small amounts. Often used to buck (lower), or boost (raise) the voltage from 208v to 240v for lighting applications.
 
Pole Mounted Transformers
 
Pole Mounted Transformers are mounted to poles for overhead electrical lines. Used in various applications. Are available in single phase or three phase transformers.
 
Medium Voltage Transformers
 
Medium Voltage Transformers are used with a medium range of voltages. They come in a full range from liquid-filled, convention dry type as well as cast coil.
 
Pad Mounted Transformers Pad Mounted Transformers are a excellent choice for commercial and industrial such as manufacturing facilities, refineries, office buildings, schools, hospitals, restaurants, and retail stores. They come in various sizes and can be used underground as well.
 
High Voltage Transformers High Voltage Transformers typically these voltage transformers are used in power transmission applications. High voltage transformers are also used in microwave.
 

 Power Transformer Manufacturer

  • ACME Transformers - With Acme Electric being in business over 80 years, they have always believed in offering there customers superior service, quality and technical expertise in the transformer market.
  • AMVECO Transformers - AMVECO designs and manufactures toroids transformers, current transformers, and auto transformers. Most AMVECO products are custom designed utilizing their state-of-art proprietary CAD programs.  The AMVECO engineers can quickly generate designs in a matter of hours, if needed.
  • Federal Pacific TransformersFederal Pacific is a division of Electro- Mechanical Corporation, a privately held, American owned company founded in 1958. Federal pacific offers dry-type transformers from .050 KVA through 10,000 KVA single and three phase, up to 34.5 KV, 150 KV BIL with UL approval through 15 KV.
  • Marcus Transformer - Ever since they opened their doors for business a half a century ago, they have been a leader in innovative transformer design. As a family-owned company they are proud of the reputation they have earned for making quality-built transformers that deliver exceptional performance and savings.
  • Hammond TransformersHammond Manufacturing was founded in 1917 in Guelph, Ontario, Canada. In the last 3 decades it has expanded to the US and the international markets offering many types of power transformers. 
  • TEMCo Transformers - TEMCo Transformer, a family-owned business which has been manufacturing and distributing electrical products since 1968. They focus on transformers that significantly reduce power consumption over 30 percent compared to competitive makes.
  • GE Transformers - GE has been a key player in the energy industry for more than a century.  Since the installation of their first steam turbine in 1901. They have become number one provider of high-technology power generation and distribution equipment.
  • Jefferson Electric Transformers - Jefferson Electric has been a pioneer and innovator of magnetic products since 1915. Jefferson broad line of dry-type transformers are backed by quality assurance systems so stringent that each and every unit gets thoroughly tested before it goes out there door.
  • More power transformer brands - Check out more companies by clinking this link.

 Power Transformer Types

  • Distribution Transformers - Distribution transformers are generally used in electrical power distribution and transmission power. This class of transformer has the highest power, or volt-ampere ratings. and the highest continuous  voltage rating.
  • Substation Transformers - Substation Transformers are large devices which usually weigh tens of thousands of pounds.   They are filled with tens of thousands of gallons of heat transfer fluid.  Although they are typically 99.8% efficient in the transforming of electricity from one voltage to another, processing hundreds of Mega Volts-Amps of electricity force the liberation of hundreds of BTUs per second.
  • Medical Grade Isolation
     Transformer -
    Medical Grade Transformers generally refer to the transformers used in medical devices as well as hospital, biomedical and patient care equipment. There are a number of strict safety rules, guidelines and laws governing the design, construction and the test of these transformers.
  • Drive Isolation Transformer - They are used to isolate a drive from a main power line to prevent the transmission of harmonics that the drives produce back into the power line.  They stop drive harmonics from disrupting computers and other sensitive equipment.
  • Toroidal Transformers - Toroidal Transformers are more efficient than the cheaper laminated EI types of similar power level. Some of the advantages are smaller size, lower weight, less mechanical hum, (making them superior in audio amplifier), low-off-load loss.
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 Power Transformer Types

  • Step-Up Transformers - A Step-Up Transformer is one whose secondary voltage is greater than its primary voltage.  This kind of transformer "steps up" the voltage applied to it. -
  • Step-Down Transformers - A Step-Down Transformer is  designed to reduce voltage from primary to secondary.  They can range from sizes from .05 KVA to 500 KVA
  • Isolation Transformers - An Isolation Transformer is a device that transfers energy from the alternating current (AC) supply to an electrical or electronic load.  It isolates the windings to prevent transmitting certain types of harmonics.
  • Buck Boost Transformers - Buck Boost Transformers make small adjustments to the incoming voltage. They are often used to change voltage from 208v to 240v for lighting applications.  Major advantages of Buck boost transformers include; low cost, compact size and light weight. 
  • High Voltage Transformer - There are many different types of voltage transformers. A High Voltage Transformer operates with high voltages. Typically, these voltage transformers are used in power transmission applications, where voltages are high enough to present a safety hazard.
  • Medium Voltage Transformers - A Medium Voltage Transformer can be connected directly to a primary distribution circuit and generally has the most load diversity. These voltage transformers have installation practices that are generally in accordance with application recommendations from the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE).
  • Low Voltage Transformers - A Low Voltage Transformer is an electrical device that transforms 120 volts (line voltage) into 12 volts or 24 volts (low voltage). Some uses for low voltage transformer are in landscaping lighting.
  • Single Phase Transformers - In electrical engineering, single-phase electric power refers to the distribution of electric power using a system in which all the voltages of the supply vary in unison. Single-phase distribution is used when loads are mostly lighting and heating, with few large electric motors.
  • Three Phase Transformers - Three Phase Transformers must have 3 coils or windings connected in the proper sequence in order to match the incoming power and therefore transform the power company voltage to the level of voltage needed while maintaining the proper phasing or polarity.
  • Custom Transformers - Custom Transformers are designed for a certain performance specifications and size requirements.  The company works with your engineering specification. 
  • Industrial Control Transformers - Industrial Control Transformers are used to convert the available supply voltage to the required voltage to supply industrial control circuits and motor control loads.
  • Pad Mounted Transformers - Pad Mounted Transformers are usually single phase, or three phase, and used where safety is a main concern. Typical applications; restaurant, commercial building, shopping mall, institutional. 
  • Pole Mounted Transformers - Pole Mounted Transformers are used for distribution in areas with overhead primary lines. Outside a typical house one can see one of these devices mounted on the top of an electrical pole.
  • Oil Filled Transformers - Oil Filled Transformers are transformers that use insulating oil as insulating materials.  The oil helps cool the transformer. Because it also provides part of the electrical insulation between internal live parts, transformer oil must remain stable at high temperatures over an extended period.
  • Dry Type Transformers - Dry-Type Transformers are available for voltages up through 34.5 kV (although the most common upper limit is 15) and KVA ratings up through 10,000 (with 5000 as the usual limit). Dry-type use air as a coolant, lowering health and environmentally concerns.
  • Auto Transformers - An Autotransformer is an electrical transformer with only one winding. The winding has at least three electrical connection points called taps. Autotransformers are frequently used in power applications to interconnect systems operating at different voltage classes, for example 138 kV to 66 kV for transmission. Another application is in industry to adapt machinery built for 480 V supplies to operate on the local 600 V supply.
  • More power transformer types - Read further about additional transformer types and their uses.

 Power Transformer Term Definitions

  • Electrical Transformers - Electrical Transformers are devices used to raise or lower the voltage of alternating current. For instance, power is transported over long distance in high voltage power lines and then transformers lower the voltage so that the power can be used by a business or household.
  • Isolating Transformers - An Isolating Transformer is a transformer, often with symmetrical windings, which is used to decouple two circuits.  An Isolation transformer allows an AC signal or power to be taken from one device and fed into another without electrically connecting the two circuits. Isolation transformers block transmission of DC signals from one circuit to the other, but allow AC signals to pass. 
  • Transmission Power Lines - A Transmission Line is the material medium or structure that forms all or part of a path from one place to another for directing the transmission of energy, such as electromagnetic or acoustic waves as well as electric power transmission. Components of transmission lines include wires, coaxial cables,  dielectric slabs, option fibers, electric power lines, and waveguides.
  • Transformer Voltage - The measure of the amount of force on a unit charge because of the surrounding charge.
  • Transformer Phase - Most transformer are either single phase or three phase.
  • Transformer Frequency - The transformer cannot change the frequency of the supply. If the supply is 60 hertz, the output will also be 60 hertz.
  • Transformer K Factor - Some transformers are now being offered with a k-factor rating. This measure the transformer's ability to withstand the heating effects of non-sinusoidal harmonic currents produced by much of today's electronic equipment and certain electrical equipment.
  • Primary Voltage - The coil winding that is directly connected to the input power.
  • Secondary Voltage - The coil winding  supplying the output voltage.
  • Harmonic Cancellation - Harmonic cancellation is performed with harmonic canceling transformers also known as phase-shifting transformers. A harmonic canceling transformer is a relatively new power quality product for mitigating harmonic problems in electrical distribution systems. This type of transformer has patented built-in electromagnetic technology designed to remove high neutral current and the most harmful harmonics from the 3rd through 21st.
  • Weatherproof - Enclosed transformers come with a weatherproof standard set by NEMA.
  • Epoxy Encapsulated - A process in which a transformer or one of its components is completely sealed with epoxy or a similar material. This process is normally preferred when a unit might encounter harsh environmental conditions.
  • More power transformer terms - Such as inductor, ground fault, core saturation, current transformer, faraday shield, etc.


Related Transformer Products

  • Voltage Regulators - A Voltage Regulator is an electrical regulator designed to automatically maintain a constant voltage level.  It may use an electromechanical mechanism, or passive or active electronic components. Depending on the design, it may be used to regulate one or more AC or DC voltages.
  • AC Line Reactor - AC Line Reactors is a three phase transformer used in conjunction with AC variable frequency and DC motor drive. They are a bi-directional protective filtering device.
  • Line Power Conditioners - Power or Line Conditioners regulate, filter, and suppress noise in AC power for sensitive computer and other solid state equipment.
  • DC Power Supplies - Conversion of one form of electrical power to another desired form and voltage. This typically involves converting 120 or 240 volt AC supplied by a utility company to a well-regulated lower voltage DC for electronic devices.
  • Rotary Phase Converters - Rotary Phase Converters are commonly used in home or small commercial or industrial settings. Rotary phase converters convert single-phase power into three-phase power. This is a very cost-effective way to power three-phase electric motors and other three phase equipment.
  • Frequency Converters - A Frequency Changer or Frequency Converter is an electronic device that converts alternating current (AC) of one frequency to alternating current of another frequency.
  • Voltage Converters - A Voltage Converter changes the voltage of an electrical power source and is usually combined with other components to create a power supply.
  • Magnetic Motor Starters - Magnetic Motor Starters are essentially heavy duty relays mounted in boxes, often equipped with heater/thermal overloads matched to the motor they start.
  • Motor Starting Auto Transformers - An Auto Transformer starter uses an auto transformer to reduce the voltage applied to a motor during start. The auto transformer may have a number of output taps and be set-up to provide a single stage starter, or a multistage starter.

For an additional resource the Best of Industry Web Directory : Electrical Power Transformer Directory section is quite useful.